David Anointed as King

International Sunday School October 30 2022 Fall #9

1 Samuel 16:1-13 ESV  The LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons.”  (2)  And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” And the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’  (3)  And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do. And you shall anoint for me him whom I declare to you.”  (4)  Samuel did what the LORD commanded and came to Bethlehem. The elders of the city came to meet him trembling and said, “Do you come peaceably?”  (5)  And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Consecrate yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” And he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.  (6)  When they came, he looked on Eliab and thought, “Surely the LORD’s anointed is before him.”  (7)  But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him. For the LORD sees not as man sees: man looks on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart.”  (8)  Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.”  (9)  Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.”  (10)  And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.”  (11)  Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all your sons here?” And he said, “There remains yet the youngest, but behold, he is keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and get him, for we will not sit down till he comes here.”  (12)  And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him, for this is he.”  (13)  Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.

1 Samuel 16:1-13 ESV



  • Saul became proud and arrogant
  • Saul disobeyed God’s command
  • Saul was more concerned with how things looked then actually being obedient to God
  • Saul was told his line would not be forever
  • Saws entire family knew that the line with end with Saul
  • 1 Samuel 15:22 (ESV) And Samuel said, “Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to listen than the fat of rams.
  • Psalms 78:70-72 (ESV) He chose David his servant and took him from the sheepfolds; [71] from following the nursing ewes he brought him to shepherd Jacob his people, Israel his inheritance. [72] With upright heart he shepherded them and guided them with his skillful hand.

Samuel Sent — 1 Samuel 16:1-2

  • Pulpit Commentary — The grief of Samuel was prolonged almost to a sinful extent, nor can we wonder at it. We who see Saul’s whole career, and know how deeply he fell, are in danger of discrediting his high qualities; but those who were witnesses of his military skill and prowess, and saw him and his heroic son raising the nation from its feebleness and thraldom to might and empire, must have given him an ungrudging admiration.
  • Saul knew he was going to be rejected so he would be on the lookout for Samuel to anoint a new king.

Invite Jesse — 1 Samuel 16:3

  • Pulpit Commentary – Call Jesse to the sacrifice. The word used is zebach, and means a sacrifice followed by a feast, at which all the elders of the town, and with them Jesse and his elder sons, would be present by the prophet’s invitation.

Do You Come Peacefully? — 1 Samuel 16:4-5

  • Preacher Homiletical — The elders trembled,” etc. “The anxious inquiry of the elders presupposes that even in the time of Saul the prophet Samuel was frequently in the habit of coming unexpectedly to one place and another, for the purpose of reproving and punishing wrong-doing and sin.”

God Looks at the Heart — 1 Samuel 16:6-7

  • Proverbs 31:30 (ESV)Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the LORD is to be praised.
  • 1 Peter 3:3-4 (ESV)Do not let your adorning be external—the braiding of hair and the putting on of gold jewelry, or the clothing you wear— 4but let your adorning be the hidden person of the heart with the imperishable beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which in God’s sight is very precious.

None of the Older Brothers — 1 Samuel 16:8-10

The Youngest — 1 Samuel 16:11

  • One of these sons were not mentioned elsewhere. Jesse’s obscure son was part of the initial review but not David.

David Anointed — 1 Samuel 16:12-13

  • Be found working
  • 1 Samuel 17:34-37 (ESV)But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep sheep for his father. And when there came a lion, or a bear, and took a lamb from the flock, 35I went after him and struck him and delivered it out of his mouth. And if he arose against me, I caught him by his beard and struck him and killed him. 36Your servant has struck down both lions and bears, and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living God.” 37And David said, “The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and the LORD be with you!”


  • Be found working
  • Don’t look on the outside
  • Obedience is better than sacrifice


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *