Author Archives: Donnie Bryson

Zacharias, Speaks

International Sunday School Lesson December 11 2022 Winter Quarter #2

Luke 1:57-66 ESV  Now the time came for Elizabeth to give birth, and she bore a son.  (58)  And her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown great mercy to her, and they rejoiced with her.  (59)  And on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child. And they would have called him Zechariah after his father,  (60)  but his mother answered, “No; he shall be called John.”  (61)  And they said to her, “None of your relatives is called by this name.”  (62)  And they made signs to his father, inquiring what he wanted him to be called.  (63)  And he asked for a writing tablet and wrote, “His name is John.” And they all wondered.  (64)  And immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he spoke, blessing God.  (65)  And fear came on all their neighbors. And all these things were talked about through all the hill country of Judea,  (66)  and all who heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, “What then will this child be?” For the hand of the Lord was with him.

Luke 1:57-66 ESV

Luke 1:76-79 ESV  And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways,  (77)  to give knowledge of salvation to his people in the forgiveness of their sins,  (78)  because of the tender mercy of our God, whereby the sunrise shall visit us from on high  (79)  to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.”

Luke 1:76-79 ESV 

Notes

Background

  • Continuation of the story of Zachariah.
  • The birth of John was promised.
  • Zachariah did not believe.
  • Zachariah was made mute

John Born — Luke 1:57-58

  • Luke 1:13-14 (ESV) But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. [14] And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth,

Circumcise – Luke 1:59-60

  • Dake It was customary to name children when they were circumcised. The rabbis said that this was because the names of Abram and Sarai were changed when God instituted circumcision (Gen 17:1-27).

His Name is John — Luke 1:61-63

  • Barnes — A writing table – The table denoted by this word was usually made of wood and covered with wax. The ancients used to write on such tables, as they had not the use of paper. The instrument used for writing was an iron pen or style, by which they marked on the wax which covered the table. Sometimes the writing-table was made entirely of lead.

Zachariah Speaks — Luke 1:64

  • Isaiah 12:1-2 ESV You will say in that day: “I will give thanks to you, O LORD, for though you were angry with me, your anger turned away, that you might comfort me. (2) “Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and will not be afraid; for the LORD GOD is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation.”
  • Daniel 4:34-37 ESV At the end of the days I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted my eyes to heaven, and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High, and praised and honored him who lives forever, for his dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom endures from generation to generation; (35) all the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, and he does according to his will among the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand or say to him, “What have you done?” (36) At the same time my reason returned to me, and for the glory of my kingdom, my majesty and splendor returned to me. My counselors and my lords sought me, and I was established in my kingdom, and still more greatness was added to me. (37) Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, for all his works are right and his ways are just; and those who walk in pride he is able to humble.

Hand of the Lord Upon Him — Luke 1:65-66

  • Fear but also leaning to respectful
  • fob’-os — From a primary φέβομαι phebomai (to be put in fear); alarm or fright: – be afraid, + exceedingly, fear, terror.

Prepare His Ways — Luke 1:76-77

  • The skipped verses are the start of Zachariah’s praise and prophecy. We are taking it up in the middle of his praising.
  • John was a prophet in both dimensions
    Adam Clark — And thou, child, etc. – Zacharias proclaims the dignity, employment, doctrine, and success of his son; and the ruin and recovery of the Jews and the Gentiles. His dignity. Thou shalt be called (constituted) a prophet of the Most High. Prophet has two acceptations: – 1st. A person who foretells future events; and; 2dly. A teacher of men in the things of God, 1Co_14:3.
  • John 1:29-34 ESV The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! (30) This is he of whom I said, ‘After me comes a man who ranks before me, because he was before me.’ (31) I myself did not know him, but for this purpose I came baptizing with water, that he might be revealed to Israel.” (32) And John bore witness: “I saw the Spirit descend from heaven like a dove, and it remained on him. (33) I myself did not know him, but he who sent me to baptize with water said to me, ‘He on whom you see the Spirit descend and remain, this is he who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ (34) And I have seen and have borne witness that this is the Son of God.”

Guide our Feet — Luke 1:78-79

  • Luke 1:78 KJV Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
  • anatolē an-at-ol-ay’ From G393; a rising of light, that is, dawn (figuratively); by implication the east (also in plural): – dayspring, east, rising.

Zechariah Hears from God

International Sunday School Lesson December 4 2022 Winter #1

Luke 1:8-20 ESV  Now while he was serving as priest before God when his division was on duty,  (9)  according to the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense.  (10)  And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the hour of incense.  (11)  And there appeared to him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense.  (12)  And Zechariah was troubled when he saw him, and fear fell upon him.  (13)  But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John.  (14)  And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth,  (15)  for he will be great before the Lord. And he must not drink wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb.  (16)  And he will turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God,  (17)  and he will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready for the Lord a people prepared.”  (18)  And Zechariah said to the angel, “How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is advanced in years.”  (19)  And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news.  (20)  And behold, you will be silent and unable to speak until the day that these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time.”

Luke 1:8-20 ESV

Notes

Background

  • Malachi 3:1-2 (ESV) “Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you delight, behold, he is coming, says the LORD of hosts. [2] But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can stand when he appears? For he is like a refiner’s fire and like fullers’ soap.
  • Malachi 4:5-6 (ESV) “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes. [6] And he will turn the hearts of fathers to their children and the hearts of children to their fathers, lest I come and strike the land with a decree of utter destruction.”
  • John 10:40-41 (ESV) He went away again across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing at first, and there he remained. [41] And many came to him. And they said, “John did no sign, but everything that John said about this man was true.”

Chosen by Lot — Luke 1:8-9

  • Pulpit The office of burning incense gave the priest to whom this important lot fell the right of entering the holy place. It was the most coveted of all the priestly duties. The Talmud says the priest who obtained the right to perform this high duty was not permitted to draw the lot a second time in the same week, and as the whole number of priests at this time was very large—some say even as many as twenty thousand
  • Numbers 16:40 (ESV) to be a reminder to the people of Israel, so that no outsider, who is not of the descendants of Aaron, should draw near to burn incense before the LORD, lest he become like Korah and his company—as the LORD said to him through Moses.

Angel of the Lord — Luke 1:10-11

  • Revelation 8:3-4 (ESV) And another angel came and stood at the altar with a golden censer, and he was given much incense to offer with the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar before the throne, [4] and the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, rose before God from the hand of the angel.

Call His Name John — Luke 1:12-13

  • Judges 6:22 (ESV) Then Gideon perceived that he was the angel of the LORD. And Gideon said, “Alas, O Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face.”
  • Judges 13:22 (ESV) And Manoah said to his wife, “We shall surely die, for we have seen God.”
  • Daniel 10:7 (ESV) And I, Daniel, alone saw the vision, for the men who were with me did not see the vision, but a great trembling fell upon them, and they fled to hide themselves.
  • Mark 16:5 (ESV) And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were alarmed.
  • Revelation 1:17 (ESV) When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he laid his right hand on me, saying, “Fear not, I am the first and the last,

Many Will Rejoice — Luke 1:14-15

  • Luke 1:58 (ESV) And her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown great mercy to her, and they rejoiced with her.
  • Luke 1:41-44 (ESV) And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit, [42] and she exclaimed with a loud cry, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! [43] And why is this granted to me that the mother of my Lord should come to me? [44] For behold, when the sound of your greeting came to my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy.

Spirit and Power of Elijah — Luke 1:16-17

  • Mark 9:11-13 (ESV) And they asked him, “Why do the scribes say that first Elijah must come?” [12] And he said to them, “Elijah does come first to restore all things. And how is it written of the Son of Man that he should suffer many things and be treated with contempt? [13] But I tell you that Elijah has come, and they did to him whatever they pleased, as it is written of him.”
  • Matthew 17:12-13 (ESV) But I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but did to him whatever they pleased. So also the Son of Man will certainly suffer at their hands.” [13] Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them of John the Baptist.

I Am Old — Luke 1:18

  • Genesis 17:17 (ESV) Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed and said to himself, “Shall a child be born to a man who is a hundred years old? Shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child?”

You Did Not Believe — Luke 1:19-20

  • Mark 16:14 (ESV) Afterward he appeared to the eleven themselves as they were reclining at table, and he rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they had not believed those who saw him after he had risen.

Conclusion

  • Believe God’s promises
  • Keep looking for the answer. It’s on its way.

God Gives Tools for Our Protection

International Sunday School Lesson November 27 2022 Fall #13

Ephesians 6:10-18 ESV  Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might.  (11)  Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the schemes of the devil.  (12)  For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places.  (13)  Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm.  (14)  Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,  (15)  and, as shoes for your feet, having put on the readiness given by the gospel of peace.  (16)  In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one;  (17)  and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God,  (18)  praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end, keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints,

Ephesians 6:10-18 ESV

Notes

Background

McGee Many years ago Billy Sunday, the evangelist, attracted a great deal of attention by saying that up on the speaker’s platform he was fighting the devil. I think that there was a great element of truth in that, because it was a spiritual battle. The battle is carried on wherever the Word of God is preached and the gospel is given out. That’s the battle line today. That is where the enemy is working. The enemy is not working down on skid row or partying it up on Saturday night.

Romans 13:12 (ESV)The night is far gone; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light.

The Whole Armor — Ephesians 6:10-11

JFB The panoply offensive and defensive. An image readily suggested by the Roman armory, Paul being now in Rome.

2 Corinthians 11:14 (ESV)And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.

Spiritual Forces of Evil — Ephesians 6:12

Job 1:6-7 (ESV)Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them. 7The LORD said to Satan, “From where have you come?” Satan answered the LORD and said, “From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking up and down on it.”

Able to Withstand — Ephesians 6:13

panoplia
3x: panoply, complete armor, a complete suit of armor, both offensive and defensive, as the shield, sword, spear, helmet, breastplate,

JFB take … of God — not “make,” God has done that: you have only to “take up” and put it on.

Dake having done all to stand A military phrase; having conquered all, stand, ready to do battle again

Belt of Truth — Ephesians 6:14

Paul talking about his actions 2 Corinthians 6:7 (ESV) by truthful speech, and the power of God; with the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and for the left;

Link to missing day and NASA mentioned in program: https://creation.com/has-nasa-discovered-a-missing-day

Gospel of Peace — Ephesians 6:15

Isaiah 52:7 (ESV) How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who publishes peace, who brings good news of happiness, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, “Your God reigns.”

Shield of Faith — Ephesians 6:16

1 Peter 5:8-9 (ESV) Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. [9] Resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same kinds of suffering are being experienced by your brotherhood throughout the world.

Sword of the Spirit — Ephesians 6:17

Hebrews 4:12 (ESV) For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.

Pulpit The glorious truth that we are saved (comp. Eph 2:5, Eph 2:8) appropriated, rested on, rejoiced in, will protect even so vital a part as the head, will keep us from intellectual surrender and rationalistic doubt.

Praying at All Times — Ephesians 6:18

1 Thessalonians 5:16-18 (ESV) Rejoice always, [17] pray without ceasing, [18] give thanks in all circumstances; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you.

We Are God’s Handiwork

International Sunday School Lesson November 20 2022 Fall #12

Ephesians 2:1-10 ESV  And you were dead in the trespasses and sins  (2)  in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience—  (3)  among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind.  (4)  But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us,  (5)  even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved—  (6)  and raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus,  (7)  so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.  (8)  For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,  (9)  not a result of works, so that no one may boast.  (10)  For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.

Ephesians 2:1-10

Notes

Background

Continuation of the study of Ephesians

We are NOT earning our salvation. It is the work and grace of God.
We have free-will. Our decisions matter.
The manifestation of salvation is a changed life.

Dead in Sin — Ephesians 2:1-2

  • JFB dead — spiritually. (Col 2:13). A living corpse: without the gracious presence of God’s Spirit in the soul, and so unable to think, will, or do aught that is holy.
  • 2 Corinthians 4:4 (ESV)In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.

All Sinners — Ephesians 2:3

  • 1 John 2:15-17 (ESV)Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 16For all that is in the world—the desires of the flesh and the desires of the eyes and pride of life—is not from the Father but is from the world. 17And the world is passing away along with its desires, but whoever does the will of God abides forever.
  • Gill in the lusts of our flesh; by “flesh” is meant, the corruption of nature; so called, because it is propagated by natural generation; and is opposed to the Spirit, or principle of grace; and has for its object fleshly things; and discovers itself mostly in the body, the flesh; and it makes persons carnal or fleshly: and this is called “our”, because it belongs to human nature, and is inherent in it, and inseparable from it in this life: and the “lusts” of it, are the inward motions of it, in a contrariety to the law and will of God; and are various, and are sometimes called fleshly and worldly lusts, and the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life: and persons may be said to have their conversations in these, when these are the ground of their conversation, when they are solicitous about them, and make provision for the fulfilling of them, and constantly employed.

By Grace You Are Saved — Ephesians 2:4-6

  • Titus 3:4-6 ESV But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, (5) he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, (6) whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior,
  • JFB — by grace ye are saved — Greek, “Ye are in a saved state.” Not merely “ye are being saved,” but ye “are passed from death unto life” (Joh_5:24). Salvation is to the Christian not a thing to be waited for hereafter, but already realized (1Jn_3:14). The parenthetic introduction of this clause here (compare Eph_2:8) is a burst of Paul’s feeling, and in order to make the Ephesians feel that grace from first to last is the sole source of salvation; hence, too, he says “ye,” not “we.”

Riches of His Grace — Ephesians 2:7

  • Isaiah 60:15 ESV Whereas you have been forsaken and hated, with no one passing through, I will make you majestic forever, a joy from age to age.

By Grace — Ephesians 2:8-9

1 Corinthians 1:28-31 ESV God chose what is low and despised in the world, even things that are not, to bring to nothing things that are, (29) so that no human being might boast in the presence of God. (30) And because of him you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, righteousness and sanctification and redemption, (31) so that, as it is written, “Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord.”

We are His Workmanship — Ephesians 2:10

  • 2 Corinthians 5:17 ESV Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.

Christ Is Wisdom

International Sunday School Lesson November 13 2022 Fall Quarter #11

Ephesians 1:15-23 ESV  For this reason, because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love toward all the saints,  (16)  I do not cease to give thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers,  (17)  that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him,  (18)  having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints,  (19)  and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to the working of his great might  (20)  that he worked in Christ when he raised him from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places,  (21)  far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.  (22)  And he put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church,  (23)  which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all.

Ephesians 1:15-23 ESV

Notes

Background

  • Wherefore or for this reason links back to these verses
  • Ephesians 1:13-14 (ESV) In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, [14] who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.

Thanksgiving — Ephesians 1:15-16

Colossians 1:3-4 (ESV) We always thank God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you, [4] since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus and of the love that you have for all the saints,

1 John 4:20-21 (ESV) If anyone says, “I love God,” and hates his brother, he is a liar; for he who does not love his brother whom he has seen cannot love God whom he has not seen. [21] And this commandment we have from him: whoever loves God must also love his brother.

Give You Wisdom — Ephesians 1:17-18

  • John 20:17 (ESV) Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to my brothers and say to them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’”

Knowledge

  • Romans 1:28 (ESV) And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done.
  • 1 Corinthians 2:9-11 (ESV) But, as it is written, “What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man imagined, what God has prepared for those who love him”— [10] these things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. [11] For who knows a person’s thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.

Resurrection — Ephesians 1:19-20

  • Philippians 2:12-13 (ESV) Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, [13] for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.
  • Philippians 3:9-10 (ESV) and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith— [10] that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death,

Above All — Ephesians 1:21-22

  • Matthew 28:18 (ESV) And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.
  • Philippians 2:9-10 (ESV) Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, [10] so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,

His Body — Ephesians 1:23

  • 1 Corinthians 12:12-27 (ESV) For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. [13] For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit. [14] For the body does not consist of one member but of many. [15] If the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body,” that would not make it any less a part of the body. [16] And if the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” that would not make it any less a part of the body. [17] If the whole body were an eye, where would be the sense of hearing? If the whole body were an ear, where would be the sense of smell? [18] But as it is, God arranged the members in the body, each one of them, as he chose. [19] If all were a single member, where would the body be? [20] As it is, there are many parts, yet one body. [21] The eye cannot say to the hand, “I have no need of you,” nor again the head to the feet, “I have no need of you.” [22] On the contrary, the parts of the body that seem to be weaker are indispensable, [23] and on those parts of the body that we think less honorable we bestow the greater honor, and our unpresentable parts are treated with greater modesty, [24] which our more presentable parts do not require. But God has so composed the body, giving greater honor to the part that lacked it, [25] that there may be no division in the body, but that the members may have the same care for one another. [26] If one member suffers, all suffer together; if one member is honored, all rejoice together. [27] Now you are the body of Christ and individually members of it.

God Picked You!

International Sunday School November 6 2022 Fall Quarter #10

Ephesians 1:1-14 ESV  Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and are faithful in Christ Jesus:  (2)  Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.  (3)  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places,  (4)  even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love  (5)  he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,  (6)  to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved.  (7)  In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,  (8)  which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight  (9)  making known to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ  (10)  as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.  (11)  In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will,  (12)  so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory.  (13)  In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit,  (14)  who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.

 

David Anointed as King

International Sunday School October 30 2022 Fall #9

1 Samuel 16:1-13 ESV  The LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons.”  (2)  And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” And the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’  (3)  And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do. And you shall anoint for me him whom I declare to you.”  (4)  Samuel did what the LORD commanded and came to Bethlehem. The elders of the city came to meet him trembling and said, “Do you come peaceably?”  (5)  And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Consecrate yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” And he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.  (6)  When they came, he looked on Eliab and thought, “Surely the LORD’s anointed is before him.”  (7)  But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him. For the LORD sees not as man sees: man looks on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart.”  (8)  Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.”  (9)  Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.”  (10)  And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.”  (11)  Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all your sons here?” And he said, “There remains yet the youngest, but behold, he is keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and get him, for we will not sit down till he comes here.”  (12)  And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him, for this is he.”  (13)  Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.

1 Samuel 16:1-13 ESV

Notes

Background

  • Saul became proud and arrogant
  • Saul disobeyed God’s command
  • Saul was more concerned with how things looked then actually being obedient to God
  • Saul was told his line would not be forever
  • Saws entire family knew that the line with end with Saul
  • 1 Samuel 15:22 (ESV) And Samuel said, “Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to listen than the fat of rams.
  • Psalms 78:70-72 (ESV) He chose David his servant and took him from the sheepfolds; [71] from following the nursing ewes he brought him to shepherd Jacob his people, Israel his inheritance. [72] With upright heart he shepherded them and guided them with his skillful hand.

Samuel Sent — 1 Samuel 16:1-2

  • Pulpit Commentary — The grief of Samuel was prolonged almost to a sinful extent, nor can we wonder at it. We who see Saul’s whole career, and know how deeply he fell, are in danger of discrediting his high qualities; but those who were witnesses of his military skill and prowess, and saw him and his heroic son raising the nation from its feebleness and thraldom to might and empire, must have given him an ungrudging admiration.
  • Saul knew he was going to be rejected so he would be on the lookout for Samuel to anoint a new king.

Invite Jesse — 1 Samuel 16:3

  • Pulpit Commentary – Call Jesse to the sacrifice. The word used is zebach, and means a sacrifice followed by a feast, at which all the elders of the town, and with them Jesse and his elder sons, would be present by the prophet’s invitation.

Do You Come Peacefully? — 1 Samuel 16:4-5

  • Preacher Homiletical — The elders trembled,” etc. “The anxious inquiry of the elders presupposes that even in the time of Saul the prophet Samuel was frequently in the habit of coming unexpectedly to one place and another, for the purpose of reproving and punishing wrong-doing and sin.”

God Looks at the Heart — 1 Samuel 16:6-7

  • Proverbs 31:30 (ESV)Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the LORD is to be praised.
  • 1 Peter 3:3-4 (ESV)Do not let your adorning be external—the braiding of hair and the putting on of gold jewelry, or the clothing you wear— 4but let your adorning be the hidden person of the heart with the imperishable beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which in God’s sight is very precious.

None of the Older Brothers — 1 Samuel 16:8-10

The Youngest — 1 Samuel 16:11

  • One of these sons were not mentioned elsewhere. Jesse’s obscure son was part of the initial review but not David.

David Anointed — 1 Samuel 16:12-13

  • Be found working
  • 1 Samuel 17:34-37 (ESV)But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep sheep for his father. And when there came a lion, or a bear, and took a lamb from the flock, 35I went after him and struck him and delivered it out of his mouth. And if he arose against me, I caught him by his beard and struck him and killed him. 36Your servant has struck down both lions and bears, and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living God.” 37And David said, “The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and the LORD be with you!”

Conclusion

  • Be found working
  • Don’t look on the outside
  • Obedience is better than sacrifice

Who is King? King Saul

International Sunday School Lesson October 23 2022 Fall #8

1 Samuel 8:4-7 ESV  Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah  (5)  and said to him, “Behold, you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations.”  (6)  But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” And Samuel prayed to the LORD.  (7)  And the LORD said to Samuel, “Obey the voice of the people in all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them.

1 Samuel 8:4-7 ESV 

1 Samuel 10:17-24 ESV  Now Samuel called the people together to the LORD at Mizpah.  (18)  And he said to the people of Israel, “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and I delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of all the kingdoms that were oppressing you.’  (19)  But today you have rejected your God, who saves you from all your calamities and your distresses, and you have said to him, ‘Set a king over us.’ Now therefore present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes and by your thousands.”  (20)  Then Samuel brought all the tribes of Israel near, and the tribe of Benjamin was taken by lot.  (21)  He brought the tribe of Benjamin near by its clans, and the clan of the Matrites was taken by lot; and Saul the son of Kish was taken by lot. But when they sought him, he could not be found.  (22)  So they inquired again of the LORD, “Is there a man still to come?” and the LORD said, “Behold, he has hidden himself among the baggage.”  (23)  Then they ran and took him from there. And when he stood among the people, he was taller than any of the people from his shoulders upward.  (24)  And Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see him whom the LORD has chosen? There is none like him among all the people.” And all the people shouted, “Long live the king!”

1 Samuel 8:4-7 ESV 
https://youtu.be/t56zu6UlzGw

Notes

Background

  • JFB when Samuel was old — He was now about fifty-four years of age, having discharged the office of sole judge for twelve years. Unable, from growing infirmities, to prosecute his circuit journeys through the country, he at length confined his magisterial duties to Ramah and its neighborhood (1Sa 7:15), delegating to his sons as his deputies the administration of justice in the southern districts of Palestine, their provincial court being held at Beer-sheba. The young men, however, did not inherit the high qualities of their father. Having corrupted the fountains of justice for their own private aggrandizement, a deputation of the leading men in the country lodged a complaint against them in headquarters, accompanied with a formal demand for a change in the government. The limited and occasional authority of the judges, the disunion and jealousy of the tribes under the administration of those rulers, had been creating a desire for a united and permanent form of government; while the advanced age of Samuel, together with the risk of his death happening in the then unsettled state of the people, was the occasion of calling forth an expression of this desire now.

We Want a King — 1 Samuel 8:4-5

  • 1 Samuel 8:1-3 (ESV) When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel. [2] The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba. [3] Yet his sons did not walk in his ways but turned aside after gain. They took bribes and perverted justice.

Samuel Upset — 1 Samuel 8:6

  • Philippians 4:6 (ESV) do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.

Samuel Wise — 1 Samuel 8:7

  • Deuteronomy 17:14-17 (ESV) “When you come to the land that the LORD your God is giving you, and you possess it and dwell in it and then say, ‘I will set a king over me, like all the nations that are around me,’ [15] you may indeed set a king over you whom the LORD your God will choose. One from among your brothers you shall set as king over you. You may not put a foreigner over you, who is not your brother. [16] Only he must not acquire many horses for himself or cause the people to return to Egypt in order to acquire many horses, since the LORD has said to you, ‘You shall never return that way again.’ [17] And he shall not acquire many wives for himself, lest his heart turn away, nor shall he acquire for himself excessive silver and gold.

Remember — 1 Samuel 10:17-18

Theocracy Ended — 1 Samuel 10:19

  • Note Samuel had already anointed Saul
  • Matt Henry He reproves them for casting off the government of a prophet, and desiring that of a captain.

Saul Not Found — 1 Samuel 10:20-21

  • K&D If we bear in mind the ordinary use made of the sacred lot at that time, we shall find that there is nothing but the simple truth in the whole course of the narrative. The secret meeting of the seer with Saul was not sufficient to secure a complete and satisfactory recognition of him as king; it was also necessary that the Spirit of Jehovah should single him out publicly in a solemn assembly of the nation, and point him out as the man of Jehovah.

Saul Impressive — 1 Samuel 10:22-23

  • FB Meyer Saul’s modesty was very commendable. There were many beautiful traits in his character in those early days, but, as we shall see, all the music was finally silenced when that terrible monster jealousy stole into his heart. Among other evidences of a naturally noble disposition was his determination not to heed the detracting voices which challenged his elevation to the throne.

Long Live the King — 1 Samuel 10:24

  • Romans 13:1-7 (ESV) Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. [2] Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment. [3] For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. Would you have no fear of the one who is in authority? Then do what is good, and you will receive his approval, [4] for he is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword in vain. For he is the servant of God, an avenger who carries out God’s wrath on the wrongdoer. [5] Therefore one must be in subjection, not only to avoid God’s wrath but also for the sake of conscience. [6] For because of this you also pay taxes, for the authorities are ministers of God, attending to this very thing. [7] Pay to all what is owed to them: taxes to whom taxes are owed, revenue to whom revenue is owed, respect to whom respect is owed, honor to whom honor is owed.

Through the Bible Day by Day (F. B. Meyer)

Through the Bible Day by Day (F. B. Meyer)
A Devotional Commentary
by F. B. Meyer, B.A.

There is need everywhere for the cultivation of the habit of reading some portion of God’s Word each day. Such reading should be consecutive, for only thus can continuous interest be maintained. It may also be greatly helped by an interpreter, who will explain what is obscure as well as suggest applications of the message to the daily life meet such need this series of seven volumes provides an arrangement of the books of the Bible in daily portions, with concise devotional comments. It includes all portions of the Bible most suitable for daily reading, either individually or in family groups a commentary on the whole Bible, these volumes will be found valuable because they omit points of merely scholarly interest and fix attention upon the central message of each passage and its application to daily needs. There are frequent references to other parts of Scripture, especially from Old Testament truths to their New Testament fulfillment and interpretation.. Meyer’s life-long experience in interpreting the Bible to the common people makes him pre-eminently fitted for this service-a crowning one in his world-wide ministry by voice and pen and outlines are provided for each Bible book. Review questions have been added at appropriate points, to enable readers to sum up and better preserve in memory what they have learned. The illustrations, selected from paintings of Bible scenes by modern artists, aid in the interpretation of the passages which they portray. is hoped that these volumes will prove of much value to Sunday-school teachers and adult scholars; will promote profitable Bible reading in connection with both family and private devotions; and will everywhere deepen a love for and an intelligent acquaintance with the one Book which can provide a fresh and helpful message for the needs of each new day.

F. B. Meyer from the Introduction

My only comment is that it is a very, very useful resource for Sunday School teachers.

The Call of Gideon

International Sunday School October 16 2022 Fall Quarter #7

Judges 6:1-2 ESV  The people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and the LORD gave them into the hand of Midian seven years.  (2)  And the hand of Midian overpowered Israel, and because of Midian the people of Israel made for themselves the dens that are in the mountains and the caves and the strongholds.

Judges 6:1-2 ESV

Judges 6:7-16 ESV  When the people of Israel cried out to the LORD on account of the Midianites,  (8)  the LORD sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery.  (9)  And I delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of all who oppressed you, and drove them out before you and gave you their land.  (10)  And I said to you, ‘I am the LORD your God; you shall not fear the gods of the Amorites in whose land you dwell.’ But you have not obeyed my voice.”  (11)  Now the angel of the LORD came and sat under the terebinth at Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, while his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress to hide it from the Midianites.  (12)  And the angel of the LORD appeared to him and said to him, “The LORD is with you, O mighty man of valor.”  (13)  And Gideon said to him, “Please, my lord, if the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all his wonderful deeds that our fathers recounted to us, saying, ‘Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the LORD has forsaken us and given us into the hand of Midian.”  (14)  And the LORD turned to him and said, “Go in this might of yours and save Israel from the hand of Midian; do not I send you?”  (15)  And he said to him, “Please, Lord, how can I save Israel? Behold, my clan is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father’s house.”  (16)  And the LORD said to him, “But I will be with you, and you shall strike the Midianites as one man.”

Judges 6:7-16 ESV

Notes

Flaking Out — Judges 6:1

  • Keil & Delitzsch — Midian had shown hostility to Israel even in the time of Moses, and had been defeated in a war of retaliation on the part of the Israelites (Num 31). But they had afterwards recovered their strength, so that now, after an interval of 200 years, the Lord used them as a rod of chastisement for His rebellious people.

Hiding Out — Judges 6:2

  • Barnes — The word rendered “dens” is only found in this passage. It is best explained of ravines hollowed out by torrents, which the Israelites made into hiding-places.
  • Deuteronomy 28:47-48 ESV  Because you did not serve the LORD your God with joyfulness and gladness of heart, because of the abundance of all things,  (48)  therefore you shall serve your enemies whom the LORD will send against you, in hunger and thirst, in nakedness, and lacking everything. And he will put a yoke of iron on your neck until he has destroyed you.

Crying Out — Judges 6:7

  • 2 Chronicles 7:14 ESV  if my people who are called by my name humble themselves, and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and heal their land.

Finding Out — Judges 6:8-9

  • John Gill — And the Lord sent a prophet unto the children of Israel,…. “A man, a prophet” (f), as in the Hebrew text, not an angel, but a man; and this not Phinehas, as say some Jewish writers (g); for it is not probable he should live so long as more than two hundred years; and had he been living, it is very much he should not have been heard of in the times of the preceding judges, and that he was not made use of before now to reprove the people for their sins; but who the prophet was we have no account now nor hereafter, here or elsewhere. Abarbinel supposes he was raised up for a short time:

Bringing Out — Judges 6:10

  • Barnes — A similar use of the name Amorite, instead of the more usual name Canaanite, occurs in Jos_24:15, Jos_24:18. Perhaps a special reason may be found for the use of Amorite, if the prophet was addressing those who dwelt in the mountains, where the Amorites chiefly dwelt. The idolatries of the Amorites seem, too, to have been preeminently abominable (see 2Ki_21:11; 1Ki_21:26).

Calling Out — Judges 6:11-12

  • Barnes — There was another Ophrah in Benjamin Jos_18:23. This Ophrah was in Manasseh, and was the village of Joash, the head, apparently, of the family of Abiezer, which was one of the families of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh Num_26:30.

Sound Out — Judges 6:13-14

  • Sound Out – seek someone’s opinions by asking questions
  • Gideon was strong and handsome — Judges 8:18 ESV  Then he said to Zebah and Zalmunna, “Where are the men whom you killed at Tabor?” They answered, “As you are, so were they. Every one of them resembled the son of a king.”

Punching Out — Judges 6:15-16

  • 1 Corinthians 15:9 ESV  For I am the least of the apostles, unworthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.