Monthly Archives: September 2022

The Fundamentals

edited by RA Torrey

Published in the very early 1900s, this collection of faith based essays have been a beacon of truth in the years of attacks from doubters and devils.

The essays start off defending against the documentary hypothesis. This, now largely discredited belief, is that the Pentateuch was thrown together after the Babylonian exile and not written by Moses. I remember being pressured to accept that as truth from one of my High School teachers in the early 70s when she discovered I announced my calling to preach.

So, the first ten or so essays are worth the read although the theory isn’t widely accepted.

Beyond the Mosiac authorship defense, the collection of essays are well worth the time. Every other heresy addressed is still relevant today some 120 years later. The virgin birth, the cross, the resurrection, the new birth, inspiration, and a host of the other fundamentals are vigorously defended.

However, I think the greatest benefit of reading these essays is defining what is meant by fundamentalism. It isn’t believing your group of unique churches are right and everyone else is wrong. Fundamentalism is understanding what is important and locking arms with the larger community to defend it. This book is very, very much worth the read.

The Kindle version is available here. Please note: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible

From the Kindle summary:

The American theologian Albert Barnes (1798-1870) was born in Rome, New York. He graduated from the Princeton Theological Seminary in 1823 and was later ordained a Presbyterian minister two years later. He was the of the Presbyterian Church in Morristown, NJ (1825-1830), and the First Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia (1830-1867).

He was a moving preacher, but his fame comes mostly from his writings, which enjoyed a wide circulation in Europe and the US. By 1870 more than one million copies had been printed, bringing a high level of Biblical criticism within the reach of the ordinary people.

Kindle Summary

You can order the Kindle version here. Please note: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

The Pulpit Commentary

Edited by the Very Rev. H. D. M. Spence, D.D., and by the Rev. Joseph S. Exell, M.A.
One of the largest homiletical commentary sets of its kind, this work gives a verse-by-verse exposition, a translation, and historical and geographical information, followed by the homiletics section including homilies by numerous authors.
Published in 1880-1897; public domain.

The Birth of Moses

The International Sunday School Lesson October 2, 2022

Exo 2:1-10 (ESV) Now a man from the house of Levi went and took as his wife a Levite woman. 2 The woman conceived and bore a son, and when she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him three months. 3 When she could hide him no longer, she took for him a basket made of bulrushes and daubed it with bitumen and pitch. She put the child in it and placed it among the reeds by the river bank. 4 And his sister stood at a distance to know what would be done to him. 5 Now the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river, while her young women walked beside the river. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her servant woman, and she took it. 6 When she opened it, she saw the child, and behold, the baby was crying. She took pity on him and said, “This is one of the Hebrews’ children.” 7 Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and call you a nurse from the Hebrew women to nurse the child for you?” 8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Go.” So the girl went and called the child’s mother. 9 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child away and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed him. 10 When the child grew older, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. She named him Moses, “Because,” she said, “I drew him out of the water.”

Exo 2:1-10 (ESV)



  • Joseph was sold into slavery into Egypt.
  • Joseph rose power in Egypt as a second in command.
  • Joseph gets his entire family to come to Egypt.
  • After this generation, a gnu, pharaoh comes to power
  • the Egyptians are jealous of the Jews
  • Egyptians enslaved the Jews
  • The Pharaoh gave an order to kill the Jewish baby boys

The Birth of Moses Exodus 2:1-2

Num 26:59 (ESV) The name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed the daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt. And she bore to Amram Aaron and Moses and Miriam their sister.

Num 26:59 (ESV)

The Basket Exodus 2:3

  • Heb 11:23 (ESV)By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw that the child was beautiful, and they were not afraid of the king’s edict.
  • Dake — Hebrew: tebah(H8392), a box. Used of Noah’s ark 26 times (Genesis 6:14-9:18) and twice here (Exo 2:3, Exo 2:5). Like Noah’s, it was made by divine command.

Miriam at a Distance Exodus 2:4

  • Exo 15:20 (ESV)Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing.
  • Gill — This was Miriam, as the Targum of Jonathan expresses it; who is supposed to be about ten or twelve years of age, others say seven:

The Daughter of Pharaoh Exodus 2:5-6

  • Gill — Her name, in Josephus (g), is called Thermuthis, and by Artapanus (h), an Heathen writer, Merrhis, perhaps from Miriam, and frequently by the Jewish writers.

Moses Mother Exodus 2:7-8

  • Pulpit — No doubt, all had been prepared beforehand by the mother, who had selected the place and time of the exposure from a knowledge of the habits and character of the princess, had set her daughter to watch, and — so far as was possible — instructed her what she was to say.

Moses Nursed Exodus 2:9

  • Gill — take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages; by which means she had not only the nursing of her own child, but was paid for it: according to a Jewish writer (t), Pharaoh’s daughter agreed with her for two pieces of silver a day.

Pharaoh’s Daughter Exodus 2:10

  • Barnes —He became her son – See the margin reference. His training and education was, humanly speaking, all but indispensable to the efficient accomplishment of his work as the predestined leader and instructor of his countrymen. Moses probably passed the early years of his life in Lower Egypt, where the princess resided.
  • Act 7:21-22 (ESV)and when he was exposed, Pharaoh’s daughter adopted him and brought him up as her own son. 22And Moses was instructed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and he was mighty in his words and deeds.

The Scepter Given to Judah

International Sunday School Lesson 9/25/2022 Fall Quarter #4

Genesis 35:22-26 ESV  While Israel lived in that land, Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father’s concubine. And Israel heard of it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve.  (23)  The sons of Leah: Reuben (Jacob’s firstborn), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.  (24)  The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.  (25)  The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant: Dan and Naphtali.  (26)  The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant: Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan-aram.

Genesis 35:22-26 ESV 

Genesis 38:24-26 ESV  About three months later Judah was told, “Tamar your daughter-in-law has been immoral. Moreover, she is pregnant by immorality.” And Judah said, “Bring her out, and let her be burned.”  (25)  As she was being brought out, she sent word to her father-in-law, “By the man to whom these belong, I am pregnant.” And she said, “Please identify whose these are, the signet and the cord and the staff.”  (26)  Then Judah identified them and said, “She is more righteous than I, since I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not know her again.

Genesis 38:24-26 ESV 

Genesis 49:10-12 ESV  The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until tribute comes to him; and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.  (11)  Binding his foal to the vine and his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, he has washed his garments in wine and his vesture in the blood of grapes.  (12)  His eyes are darker than wine, and his teeth whiter than milk.

Genesis 49:10-12 ESV 



  • God’s plan works through personal failings and struggles in the line of Judah.
  • The grouping of Jacob sons will be by their mother.
  • The focus is on the miracle of the line of Christ coming through Judah.

Sons of Leah — Gen 35:22b-23 (ESV)

  • Note that Levi was the father of the priest because they needed to be split up within Israel due to their anger over Dina.

Sons of Rachel — Gen 35:24 (ESV)

  • When the Bible talks about the tribes of Israel, Joseph is split into Ephraim and Manasseh.
  • Benjamin is the tribe of the first king of Israel

Sons of Bilhah — Gen 35:25 (ESV)

Sons of Zilpah — Gen 35:26 (ESV)

Tamar Gets a Child — Gen 38:24 (ESV)

  • Lev 21:9 (ESV)And the daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by whoring, profanes her father; she shall be burned with fire.

The Truth Comes Out — Gen 38:25-26 (ESV)

  • Joh 8:7-9 (ESV)And as they continued to ask him, he stood up and said to them, “Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her.”8And once more he bent down and wrote on the ground. 9But when they heard it, they went away one by one, beginning with the older ones, and Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him.

The Scepter — Gen 49:10 (ESV)

  • Rom 15:12 (ESV)And again Isaiah says, “The root of Jesse will come, even he who arises to rule the Gentiles; in him will the Gentiles hope.”
  • Rev 11:15 (ESV)Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever.”

Washed Garments in Wine — Gen 49:11-12 (ESV)

  • This description is a metaphorical description of financial blessings.

Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown’s Commentary on the Whole Bible

This was the first real academic commentary that I used when I first started preaching. After all these years, I still regularly turn to it for background information and alternate thoughts on the scripture. JFB is a great resource for you to use in your Bible studies. You can purchase a copy on Amazon here. Please note: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

Jacob Called Israel

International Sunday school lesson 11/18/2022 Fall #3

Gen 32:22-32 (ESV) The same night he arose and took his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 23 He took them and sent them across the stream, and everything else that he had. 24 And Jacob was left alone. And a man wrestled with him until the breaking of the day. 25 When the man saw that he did not prevail against Jacob, he touched his hip socket, and Jacob’s hip was put out of joint as he wrestled with him. 26 Then he said, “Let me go, for the day has broken.” But Jacob said, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.” 27 And he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Jacob.” 28 Then he said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel, for you have striven with God and with men, and have prevailed.” 29 Then Jacob asked him, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask my name?” And there he blessed him. 30 So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel, saying, “For I have seen God face to face, and yet my life has been delivered.” 31 The sun rose upon him as he passed Penuel, limping because of his hip. 32 Therefore to this day the people of Israel do not eat the sinew of the thigh that is on the hip socket, because he touched the socket of Jacob’s hip on the sinew of the thigh.

Gen 32:22-32 (ESV)



  • Jacob had cheated Esau
  • Jacob was returning from Laban after many years
  • Jacob had sent a gift ahead to Esau
  • Jacob and then sent his children and wives on ahead
  • Jacob was all alone

Jacob Alone — Gen 32:22-23

“… over the brook, and sent over that he had—himself remaining on the north side (Delitzsch, Keil, Kurtz, Murphy, Gerlach, Wordsworth, Alford), although, having once crossed the stream (Gen 32:22), it is not perfectly apparent that he recrossed, which has led some to argue that the wrestling occurred on the south of the river (Knobel, Rosenmόller, Lange, Kalisch).”

Pulpit Commentary

Jacob Wrestles — Gen 32:24-25

  • We must pray through
  • Rom 15:30 (ESV)I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf,

I Will Not Let Go — Gen 32:26

  • Hos 12:3-4 (ESV)In the womb he took his brother by the heel, and in his manhood he strove with God. 4He strove with the angel and prevailed; he wept and sought his favor. He met God at Bethel, and there God spoke with us—

A Name Change — Gen 32:27-28

And he said unto him, what is thy name?…. “Which question is put, not as being ignorant of it, but in order to take occasion from it, and the change of it, to show that he had granted his request, and had blessed him, and would yet more and more:”

john Gill

Peniel — Gen 32:29-30

  • Isa 9:6 (ESV)For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
  • Jdg 13:17-18 (ESV)And Manoah said to the angel of the LORD, “What is your name, so that, when your words come true, we may honor you?” 18And the angel of the LORD said to him, “Why do you ask my name, seeing it is wonderful?”

Israel’s Limp — Gen 32:31-32

Jam halted upon his thigh — As Paul had a thorn in the flesh given to humble him, lest he should be too elevated by the abundant revelations granted him [2Co 12:7], so Jacob’s lameness was to keep him mindful of this mysterious scene

Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown


Lay hold of the alter and do not let go until the blessings come!

New International Commentary on the Old Testament (NICOT)

The most popular scholarly current commentary of the Bible. This is a very well written, but highly technical, current commentary of the Bible. The footnotes are exhaustive. The only two things that keep me give it my 100% full endorsement is the price and the overly academic diction. However, if you can make it past the price and have a good dictionary to lookup words, it is a great contemporary commentary. You can purchase a copy on Amazon here. Please note: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible

John Gill (1697 – 1771) was a Baptist scholar and a Calvinist. His commentary is his most famous work that has stood the test of time. I use John Gill’s commentary often during my teaching although I am not a Calvinist. His research is extensive and he is faithful to the biblical text. You can get a copy of his commentary on Amazon here. Please note: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.