Monthly Archives: June 2018

Jesus Criticizes Unjust Leaders

International Sunday School July 8, 2018 — Summer Quarter #6

Matthew 23:1-4  Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples,  (2)  “The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat,  (3)  so do and observe whatever they tell you, but not the works they do. For they preach, but do not practice.  (4)  They tie up heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to move them with their finger.

Matthew 23:23-26  “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others.  (24)  You blind guides, straining out a gnat and swallowing a camel!  (25)  “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and the plate, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence.  (26)  You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and the plate, that the outside also may be clean.

Parable of the Unforgiving Servant

Sunday School July 1, 2018

 Matthew 18:21-35  Then Peter came up and said to him, “Lord, how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? As many as seven times?”  (22)  Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you seven times, but seventy-seven times.  (23)  “Therefore the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his servants.  (24)  When he began to settle, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents.  (25)  And since he could not pay, his master ordered him to be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and payment to be made.  (26)  So the servant fell on his knees, imploring him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.’  (27)  And out of pity for him, the master of that servant released him and forgave him the debt.  (28)  But when that same servant went out, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii, and seizing him, he began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay what you owe.’  (29)  So his fellow servant fell down and pleaded with him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’  (30)  He refused and went and put him in prison until he should pay the debt.  (31)  When his fellow servants saw what had taken place, they were greatly distressed, and they went and reported to their master all that had taken place.  (32)  Then his master summoned him and said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me.  (33)  And should not you have had mercy on your fellow servant, as I had mercy on you?’  (34)  And in anger his master delivered him to the jailers, until he should pay all his debt.  (35)  So also my heavenly Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother from your heart.”

Reaping God’s Justice

International Sunday School Lesson June 24, 2018

Summer Quarter Lesson #4

Luke 16:19-31  “There was a rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen and who feasted sumptuously every day.  (20)  And at his gate was laid a poor man named Lazarus, covered with sores,  (21)  who desired to be fed with what fell from the rich man’s table. Moreover, even the dogs came and licked his sores.  (22)  The poor man died and was carried by the angels to Abraham’s side. The rich man also died and was buried,  (23)  and in Hades, being in torment, he lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham far off and Lazarus at his side.  (24)  And he called out, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus to dip the end of his finger in water and cool my tongue, for I am in anguish in this flame.’  (25)  But Abraham said, ‘Child, remember that you in your lifetime received your good things, and Lazarus in like manner bad things; but now he is comforted here, and you are in anguish.  (26)  And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed, in order that those who would pass from here to you may not be able, and none may cross from there to us.’  (27)  And he said, ‘Then I beg you, father, to send him to my father’s house—  (28)  for I have five brothers—so that he may warn them, lest they also come into this place of torment.’  (29)  But Abraham said, ‘They have Moses and the Prophets; let them hear them.’  (30)  And he said, ‘No, father Abraham, but if someone goes to them from the dead, they will repent.’  (31)  He said to him, ‘If they do not hear Moses and the Prophets, neither will they be convinced if someone should rise from the dead.’”


Is the rich man and Lazarus a parable?

  • If it is, it is the only parable with a named character
  • It is never called a parable in the Bible like many other parables
  • It doesn’t fit the form of using an earthly story to tell a spiritual truth

Can people in hell and people in heaven see each other and speak to each other?

Ephesians 4:8-10  Therefore it says, “When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men.”  (9)  (In saying, “He ascended,” what does it mean but that he had also descended into the lower regions, the earth?  (10)  He who descended is the one who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things.)

Purple – the color of royalty

  • Dives and Lazarus – Dives is taken from the Vulgate “wealthy”
  • Proverbs 28:6  Better is a poor man who walks in his integrity than a rich man who is crooked in his ways.
  • Genesis 26:12-14  And Isaac sowed in that land and reaped in the same year a hundredfold. The LORD blessed him,  (13)  and the man became rich, and gained more and more until he became very wealthy.  (14)  He had possessions of flocks and herds and many servants, so that the Philistines envied him.
  • Deuteronomy 15:11  For there will never cease to be poor in the land. Therefore I command you, ‘You shall open wide your hand to your brother, to the needy and to the poor, in your land.’
  • Proverbs 17:5  Whoever mocks the poor insults his Maker; he who is glad at calamity will not go unpunished.
  • James 2:2-7  For if a man wearing a gold ring and fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in,  (3)  and if you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing and say, “You sit here in a good place,” while you say to the poor man, “You stand over there,” or, “Sit down at my feet,”  (4)  have you not then made distinctions among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?  (5)  Listen, my beloved brothers, has not God chosen those who are poor in the world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom, which he has promised to those who love him?  (6)  But you have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court?  (7)  Are they not the ones who blaspheme the honorable name by which you were called?

Hebrews 9:27  And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment,

  • Proverbs 11:30  The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and whoever captures souls is wise.
  • Matthew 24:36-39  “But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.  (37)  For as were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.  (38)  For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark,  (39)  and they were unaware until the flood came and swept them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.


Jesus Teaches About Justice

Lesson #3 Summer Quarter 2018. June 17, 2018

Matthew 15:1-9  Then Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem and said,  (2)  “Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat.”  (3)  He answered them, “And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?  (4)  For God commanded, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.’  (5)  But you say, ‘If anyone tells his father or his mother, “What you would have gained from me is given to God,”  (6)  he need not honor his father.’ So for the sake of your tradition you have made void the word of God.  (7)  You hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy of you, when he said:  (8)  “‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me;  (9)  in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’”


  • Three main groups in the time of Jesus – Sadducees, Pharisees, and the Essenes. The Essenes are not mentioned in the New Testament.
  • The Sadducees, Essenes, and Pharisees history goes back to the time of Antiochus Epiphanes about 200 years before the birth of Christ. During the attempt to stamp out the worship of God, the Pharisees and the Essenes retreated to the desert to keep their purity. The Hellenized Jews comprised.
  • You can still see some of those traits at the time of Christ.
  • Pharisee means “separate” taken from Hebrew “parash”.
  • Pharisees had deteriorated by the time of Christ by focusing on being called more than being, majoring in the minors, and missing the whole point.
  • Adam Clarke says about the origin of the tradition of the elders, “This law, Moses at first delivered to Aaron then to his sons Eleazar and Ithamar; and, after these to the seventy-two elders, who were six of the most eminent men chosen out of each of the twelve tribes. These seventy-two, with Moses and Aaron, delivered it again to all the heads of the people, and afterwards to the congregation at large.” It later became part of the Talmud.
  • Colossians 2:8  See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:18-24  For the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.  (19)  For it is written, “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the discernment of the discerning I will thwart.”  (20)  Where is the one who is wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?  (21)  For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe.  (22)  For Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom,  (23)  but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles,  (24)  but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.
  • Corban!” that is, “An oblation!” meaning, any unbloody offering or gift dedicated to sacred uses.
  • 1 Timothy 5:8  But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
  • 1 Timothy 5:1-2  Do not rebuke an older man but encourage him as you would a father, younger men as brothers,  (2)  older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, in all purity.
  • Psalms 119:101-104  I hold back my feet from every evil way, in order to keep your word.  (102)  I do not turn aside from your rules, for you have taught me.  (103)  How sweet are your words to my taste, sweeter than honey to my mouth!  (104)  Through your precepts I get understanding; therefore I hate every false way.


Parables of God’s Just Kingdom

Virtual Sunday School — June 10, 2018

Scripture: Matthew 13:24-33

Matthew 13:24-33  He put another parable before them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field,  (25)  but while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat and went away.  (26)  So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also.  (27)  And the servants of the master of the house came and said to him, ‘Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have weeds?’  (28)  He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ So the servants said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them?’  (29)  But he said, ‘No, lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them.  (30)  Let both grow together until the harvest, and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, “Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.”’”  (31)  He put another parable before them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field.  (32)  It is the smallest of all seeds, but when it has grown it is larger than all the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.”  (33)  He told them another parable. “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in three measures of flour, till it was all leavened.”




  • Metaphor – a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
  • Simile – a figure of speech that expresses the resemblance of one thing to another of a different category, usually introduced by asor like
  • Parabales (Gr. parabállō). There is no functional difference between a parable and a simile.
  • A parable differs from a fable because a fable contains things impossible. For example, talking animals.
  • Jesus is the only one that uses parables to teach in the new testament.
  • Parables are used in the old testament. For example, Nathan’s story to David about the rich man and poor man.
  • The tares.—No weed is so troublesome to the Syrian farmers as a kind of wild rye-grass, which they call zuwân. It grows abundantly in cornfields, and is so extremely like wheat in its earlier stages that even a farmer’s eye cannot tell the difference with certainty till it is shot.



  • Schofield: The implication of a converted world in this age (“till the whole was leavened”), is explicitly contradicted by our Lord’s interpretation of the parables of the Wheat and Tares, and of the Net. Our Lord presents a picture of a partly converted kingdom in an unconverted world; of good fish and bad in the very kingdom-net itself.
  • Leaven alters the flour. It does not change it from alter it to something else.
  • Matthew 7:13-14  “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many.  (14)  For the gate is narrow and the way is hard that leads to life, and those who find it are few.